Pamukkale is a tourism paradise of Turkey, with its “heal all” medicinal springs and travertines.
Pamukkale where Nature and History meet, and listed to the UNESCO World Heritage List, is an alternative tourism centre to the sea tourism in Turkey. The window which has opened Pamukkale to the world, every year hosting over 1 million local and international visitors with its travertines’ visual beauty.
The healing thermal water that provided Pamukkale to be a residential area for thousands of years, is also spring of famous white travertines. It is known that the thermal springs in Karahayıt and Gölemezli which are close to the Pamukkale, are good for rheumatism, heart diseases, stomach, arteriosclerosis, blood pressure and skin diseases. The Thermal Pool in Pamukkale, provides facilities for the visitors to entertain, with its 35 ˚ fixed temperature water.
The antique city Hierapolis and Pamukkale which are in the same place is 20 km from the city centre. Hierapolis, which was founded in B.C. 197, takes attention because one of Jesus’ apostles were killed here. And so Hierapolis is very important for the regions tourism. The historical artefacts which has been found in excavations are displayed in Hierapolis Archaeology Museum.
The term travertine comes from Roman times, in reference to the great travertine sediments of Tivoli in Italy. The travertines are stone which result from complicated chemical reactions that have many causes, many facets and they are largely dependent upon the surroundings. The geological phenomena which compose Pamukkale Thermal Springs, affect a wide area. In this area, there are 17 hot water springs in which the temperature change between 35 and 100 degrees. The thermal springs of Pamukkale form an integral part of the regions which are potential for tourism and have been popular since ancient times. The water, that emerges from the spring, is transported 320 m to the head of the travertines and deposits itself on a section 60 to 70 metres long, covering an expanse of 240 to 300 metres. In little pools, sides and larger basins, the calcium carbonate which is deposited at first is a soft jelly but with time it hardens and becomes a travertine. When the calcium carbonate reaches an excessive amount and the water comes to the land, the carbon dioxide transpires and the calcium carbonate deposits. The depositing goes on while the carbon dioxide in the water and the carbon dioxide in the weather balances
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